Wednesday, May 23, 2012

First, second and third trimester of pregnancy

In mid-third months see his head and the beginnings of the brain, eyes, fingers, ears ... Since the beginning of third months will no longer be called an embryo, but becomes a fetus. While the embryo was just "hooked up" in the womb, the fetus has placenta by his mother's body produces and is intended only to him, so that together with her ​​mother and leaves the body. A month after the formation of the placenta, Baby movements will be so strong that the mother clearly feel. From the age of 7 months of stay in the body of the mother, the baby will be able to survive without the mother's body, but of course, with only 9 months the baby will be fully prepared to live outside the mother's womb and the delivery will be quite regular.


First quarter:


Normal pregnancy lasts from the first day of last menstrual period, 288 days or 40 weeks or 9 months and 7 days. About 7% of all pregnant women born prematurely (before the end of 37 weeks), and 80% born in the course or on the eve of the deadline. About 14% of pregnant women born after the prescribed period, but the principle of those 14 only 4% -5% of them really convey pregnancy, while others are carried away by delayed ovulation, and their dates of birth and later. Pregnancy, as we know, fertilization begins, ie.combining male and female sex cells. They come together and wrap the membrane in the beginning to divide. But after the merger was written all: sex, eye color, hair, finger length of future beings. 5-6 days after fertilization, the zygote instills in the womb, but a 18th day starts his heart beating and blood flow has been developed. The first 3 months of development will be called an embryo. The first quarter runs until 13weeks, a change in the mummy's body are not as visible. The first quarter is the most dangerous period for the development of your baby's organs and the occurrence of complications. In the first quarter of the majority of pregnant women with nausea occurs, usually in the morning, although in some runs and throughout the day. Usually occurs around the 4th and lasts until 8 weeks of pregnancy, and ends by entering the second quarter. Some pregnant women occurs when they feel nausea and smell of some foods.What I recommend you do to help yourself to a day you eat smaller meals more because some pregnant women will not be liable when they are hungry, and even when they are very site. Also you should avoid foods and smells of that you nausea. As a companion pregnancy occurs, and fatigue. You've probably heard a pregnant woman who says he was constantly tired and could not sleep every time you sit or lie down somewhere. Are due to fatigue increased "production" of blood, the heart is more effort, a pulse is accelerated by 10 - 15 beats per minute. It also comes a change in metabolism. We recomend you to relax whenever you have the opportunity and walk through the fresh air. Eat plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables. In the first trimester of pregnancy the bladder is located exactly below the uterus, so that the pressure of the uterus, which is why the problem of frequent urination. It is important to urinate whenever you feel the need, and avoid late night drinking too much liquid.


Second quarter:


Second quarter is from 13 up to 26-27 weeks. Well, the future mother, already a bit and you can relax, because the greatest risk of spontaneous abortion over. After the third month, and enter in the second quarter, will become obvious that you are pregnant, but now see the stomach and the day was higher. About 4 months and your baby will come to life, and will begin to clear and feel her movements. Women who were born as many times, they will be able to feel the baby's movements, but about 15 week, and will often primiparous happen to violent reaction tubes to mix up some kind of food the baby moves. As baby grows, her movements will be stronger, and the uterus in some way "thins out", and is now pregnant belly and a small amount of amniotic fluid. What certainly should not ignore the movement of the baby during the day, if less than 10, we must go to the doctor because the baby's stomach is very restless and during 12 hours and turned up to 90 times. For the second trimester of pregnancy is characterized by back pain. As the uterus becomes more difficult, changing the center of gravity of the body. As your child's weight drags forward, you lean backwards, and thus burden the lower back muscles. Back pain causes so. diastasis - separation of the beam vertical muscles in your stomach. What is actually happening - two beams are connected to the vertical muscles in the middle of the abdomen, during pregnancy, as your stomach grows, could result in their separation, which causes pressure on the lower back. If you have a diastase, pregnancy wearing belts can be helpful, but with consultaton with a gynecologist and physiotherapist. To remove the pain, and can help correct posture. While standing, shoulder "hang" back and tuck your pelvis. When sitting, avoid to move one leg over the other. When you lie on your side, put a pillow under the abdomen and another between the legs, that way you will reduce the burden on your back. Leg cramps often occur at night and cover the feet and calves. Is assumed to occur when the pressure of the uterus on the nerves in the legs and lack of calcium. When you happen to catch a cramp in my foot, it is best to attract him and massaging the body. When pain persists, it is best to stroll and do some stretching exercises to improve blood circulation.It is recommended to wear solid, elastic stockings, especially for prolonged storage. If the cramps are very strong, we recommend that you consult with your doctor, because it is possible to have a clot in a vein, which requires treatment. 


Third quarter:


The third and final trimester starts with 26-27 on Sunday. What you need to pay attention in the third quarter was certainly prepares the breasts. They should be prepared for a baby, but is not recommended to do before 34th week. Prepare breast is done by massaging them regularly and squash, although we should not exaggerate, and should pull out the warts, as after birth would not have a problem, because the baby can not be nice to latch, and therefore can not be nice not to feed . In the third quarter of your stomach is already large and the pressure diaphragm, which causes difficulty in breathing. During pregnancy, the diaphragm is lifted by about 4 cm. At the same time, the hormone progesterone affects the respiratory center in the brain and forces you to breathe more deeply. In the last days of pregnancy as the uterus descends and you will be breathing easier. If you happen to run out of breath, try to sit or squat, sleep on pillows higher, a posture will definitely help you to breathe easier. Swelling of hands and feet are also often occurs in the third trimester of pregnancy. This problem occurs due to the retention of greater quantities of fluid. Your hands will usually bulge acre feet a night. Often pregnant women during the night feel tingling, numbness and pain in his hands, as the result of pinched nerve caused by swelling. To make it easier, when you sit or lie down, lift your feet on the raised position and slowly circle your feet. Shower alternating hot and cold water also can be helpful, because it improves circulation. During summer at sea, the legs should not descend to the hot sand or gravel, and it is often desirable to spray the legs, and swimming can eliminate many inconveniences that accompany pregnancy.

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