Saturday, May 26, 2012

Epidural anesthesia during childbirth

A number of women opting for delivery under the anesthesia, while others fear such intervention due to the fact that it gives the spine. Is the fear justified or not?

Epidural anesthesia is a type of anesthesia that is used when delivery begins. In order to block the pain from the uterus and the vagina is presented in the spine, so that mothers do not feel anything from the waist to dole.Kombinacijom anesthetics block the nerve endings, while analgesics reduce pain in the spinal cord.

If the birth process is slow and labor pains are very strong, you can request that you provide epidural anesthesia. It is possible that your obstetrician and midwife recommends this type of technique. It is also necessary to know that the epidural is just one of many options for reducing the intensity of pain. The use of masks with oxygen, give analgesics or acupuncture can also reduce pain. The most important thing is to choose the best possible way to help you during childbirth, and this will not harm your baby. The decision on the operational completion of delivery, which, depending on the flow of deliveries, bringing a medical team, a decision on the application of epidural anesthesia can only bring you.

How to apply epidural anesthesia?
The anesthetic effect on blood vessels in the legs and reduces blood flow to the heart. Often, when applying this method, the pressure drops suddenly given birth, and therefore felt dizziness and nausea. For this reason it is placed into a vein cannula (plastic tube) to her during childbirth can give drugs intravenously.Thus, the unpleasant effects of epidural anesthesia may substantially reduced. After placing the cannula, anesthetist will ask the midwife to sit on the edge of the bed. This is followed by disinfection of the place where the needle is introduced and giving local anesthesia. The needle is inserted into the "epidural" place of the spine. It then sets the fine tubules of polyethene (or catheter) before the needle is removed. The doctor will bandage the catheter secured to the skin and then through it injects an anesthetic. The effect of the anesthetic takes four to six hours, a team which can be shortened or extended.

Advantages of epidural anesthesia
~ It is very efficient, completely eliminates the pain and act in more than 90% of patient
~ Does not hurt baby
~ The effect of anesthesia can be interrupted at any time

Disadvantages of epidural anesthesia
~ About 10% of cases, does not seem
~ Many women complain of severe headache lasting for several hours after the completion of delivery
~ For the duration of anesthesia women do not feel stresses, which affect the prolongation of birth
~ In some cases the doctor is forced to finish the delivery using forceps or vacuum.
~ For the duration of epidural anesthesia, mothers do not feel the urge to urinate and can not naturally perform physiological needs
~ During the delivery, it is necessary to continually check all vital functions of mother and child.

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