Saturday, May 5, 2012

Babies learn language by reading the lips

By the sixth month, babies begin to direct the view towards the eyes, but then begin to follow the movements of the lips when they talk

WASHINGTON-Babies learn to talk, but just by listening to and reading from the lips, according to a new survey of American Scientists.

Researchers in Florida have found that up to six months, babies begin to direct the view to eye, but then begin to follow the movements of the lips when they talk. In order to produce the sound they imitate the person from whom they heard the sound in such a way as to follow that instead of lips.

Children do not need much to learn the basic movements for the production of the word, and the first year back view of the eyes, unless they meet with an unknown foreign language, in any case continue to monitor the movements of the lips.

Scientists have long known that babies look the speaker in the person asking for social policy in relation to what they heard. As adults watching eyes and follow non-verbal messages such as the emotions associated with him.

Experts with the Florida Atlantic University went a step further and asked whether the baby monitor and lips, asking for guidance for the production of the vote.

We tested 180 babies between 4, 6, 8, 10 and 12 months. Babies belonging to English-speaking countries have released video footage of women who speak in English and Spanish.

Devices placed on the tray dryer is followed where children direct view and for how long.
It turned out that there is a dramatic difference in directing attention.

Baby of four months following his eyes, six-month follow equally babies eyes and lips, while the eight-month baby and desetomese─Źne directed mainly to the lips. In infants, the year the focus has returned to his eyes.

But when one year old baby whose mother tongue is English heard Spanish, have maintained the view of the lips following the movements that produce unknown words. This shows that in the first year, children are still prepared to learn languages.

This is probably the reason why young children learn languages ​​more easily than adults.

Following this information the question is whether infants who have a problem in the developing world, such as autism, learning to speak the same way or there are some differences that could be an early sign of disorder.

In itself, this finding is not as valuable as it could be information that may result from this. Neurologists interested in how to stimulate this process if it does not happen on time, but also to further explore how the brain controls learning at such an early stage of life, they said.

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