Many women experience constipation or constipation during pregnancy. This common problem affects at least half of pregnant women.
In the first quarter of the main causes of this problem are the pregnancy hormones that slow the movement of food in the digestive tract. In medical jargon, this change is called a reduction in gastrointestinal motility. The slower passage of food and fluids leads to the intestine absorbs more liquid (perhaps this is just another way in which nature ensures adequate intake of fluids in the body). The combination of reduced mobility in the gut and stronger waste (because the more liquid absorbed), contributing to prison.
In late pregnancy, increased pressure on the colon cancer more difficult passage of stool.
How is it dangerous? Straining during a discharge can lead to deterioration of hemorrhoids, swollen veins in the rectal area. Haemorrhoids, although they can be very uncomfortable, rarely cause dangerous problems and in most cases themselves disappear soon after giving birth. Call your doctor immediately if you are a strong appearance of a prison and pain in the abdomen.
Taking iron supplements, especially high doses of the anemia can worsen the condition. The amount of iron in most vitamin preparations that are taken during pregnancy, usually does not cause this problem. Make sure it says on the vitamins you take. If you are anemic, you probably should not be more than 30 mg of iron a day. If you are taking vitamins during pregnancy have more than this dose, you can ask your doctor to recommend another type of vitamins that contain less iron.
This unpleasant phenomenon, caused the influence of hormones, can prevent and alleviate food that is naturally enriched with water and quickly passes through the intestines.
Some tips for prevention and mitigation of the prison:
Increase your fiber intake. It passes through the digestive tract undigested and act like a sponge - soak up the liquid. Increased amounts of liquids helps stools move more quickly and easily. Eat more fresh fruits and neoguljenog (especially plums, pears, figs and apricots), and dried fruits, vegetables (especially crunchy vegetables such as carrots, zucchini, celery, cucumber ii), whole grains (cereals, whole grain bread with bran) legumes (beans, soybeans, peas). Add a few tablespoons of raw wheat bran (available at health food stores) in the cereal in the morning and then drink a glass of water. White rice and pasta replace the integral variants. Two tablespoons of ground flax seed umješanog in yogurt can also help.
Increase fluid intake. If you increase your fiber intake, you increase the appropriate fluid intake. Too much fiber and too little fluid can actually worsen constipation by making stools even harder. Drink plenty of water - at least six to eight glasses a day. Mineral water rich in magnesium (DonatMG, Magnesia) further help. If you like juices, drink the nectar of plum, pear or apricot, which not only has high water content, but also contains more fiber than plain juice. Avoid adding sugar in soft drinks.
Exercise regularly. Moving the whole body, and run the hose. Regular exercise keeps the entire physical system of the body in better condition, and so the hoses are no exception. Walking, swimming, cycling or exercise bike and yoga can relieve constipation, and with it you will feel better and healthier.
Listen to your body. Never disregard and ignore going to the toilet when you feel the need. If you ignore it, the muscles that move the hose ulijene, a signal that warns you that you need to go empty the bowel becomes weak and deteriorating prison.
If none of these tips do not help, you can ask your doctor or pharmacist to recommend taking supplements that contain fiber, which can be taken without prescription. One type of fiber, Psyllium is a natural stool softener like bran, available in health food stores.
Gases and flatulence
The same changes in the work of the digestive tract that contribute to the jail, they can also cause you to feel bloated. As the pregnancy progresses, flatulence increases because the uterus is increased and bloated gut compete for space.
Five ways to relieve flatulence:
Try to keep the movement of substances in the digestive tract. Try to avoid constipation because it contributes to the appearance and feel of gases and flatulence.
Eat slowly. Do you eat or drink quickly, and swallow air. You swallow more air, more air will later find in the already sluggish bowel. Chew food well and long. The better part of the upper digestive tract do its part of processed food, less work will remain for the rest of the digestive tract.
Eat foods that do not cause gas. Bowel itself will tell you what they "like" and what does not. Foods that cause gas are: cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower, broccoli, beans, green pepper and carbonated beverages.
Avoid fried and fatty foods. Foods high in fat also contributes to the feeling of flatulence because it is difficult to digest and long stays in the digestive tract.
Eat like a baby. Intestine is more suitable if you eat small, frequent meals rather than eating three big meals a day. Most pregnant women suits 5-6 small meals at regular intervals each day.
Do you feel a burning sensation in the stomach which rises towards the throat, that you feed back, then you have heartburn. Some pregnant women struggling in early pregnancy, the most troubled in the third quarter.Heartburn increases after a large meal or when nap later. Can you stomach ache or a feeling bloated after a small meal. Such a feeling, unfortunately, the "attack" 80% of pregnant women.
Hormones are slowed down your digestion and meals stay longer in the stomach. Other hormones that relax your muscles and relax the muscle between the esophagus and the stomach and allow acid from the stomach back. In addition, increased uterus will move your bodies up and then it will be more frequent heartburn.
The easiest and safest way to make small changes in diet.
Eat frequent small meals (5-6 meals a healthy and easily digestible foods), sitting upright to reduce the chances of returning the physical content.
Throw out the diet, or at least reduce, the following foods: coffee, soda, very sweet foods and drinks such as honey, syrup, then soup and tomato juice, citrus fruits, fatty and fried foods, spicy foods, chocolate, peppermint and whole milk. In fact, these foods can further relax the muscle at the bottom of the esophagus and worse.
Be sure to stop smoking and drinking alcohol (which, of course, is true if you do not have heartburn).
Try to chew each bite well.
Try to find out which foods bother you most and avoid it.
Try to eat papaya after a meal, nibble almonds or eat yogurt.
Wait an hour after eating to lie down and then lie on your left side. When you're lying, your head and shoulders slightly elevated from the rest of the body.
Chew gum - they increase the amount of saliva in your mouth to help control stomach acid.
Drink plenty of fluids between meals. Drink slowly and never more than one cup at meals.
Before going to bed do not eat 2-3 hours (of course, if at all possible).
If none of this does not help, consult your doctor who may suggest some antacids. However, although it is considered that no adverse effects from treatment for the baby preparations, there are still many open questions. Not to mention all the potential dangers, let's just say that antacids may slow the absorption of iron, which is extremely important for pregnant women. In any case, it would be best to avoid drugs and establish normal eating habits.