Food entered infectious microorganisms can cause harm to the unborn baby. Pregnant women should pay special attention to listeriosis and toksoplasmozi. These diseases can be prevented through careful food handling and regular hand washing.
Listeriosis is a bacterial infection that is transmitted rod bacterium Listeria monocytogenes. By entering unpasteurized / nesteriliziranog milk or unpasteurized products / nesteriliziranog milk (eg soft cheese. Feta) can be infected by this bacterium. Bacteria can multiply at low temperatures as the temperature is cooler, but is destroyed by heat treatment (baking, cooking, pasteurization and sterilization). Healthy adult can get over the infection almost seamlessly with symptoms similar to flu. Listeriosis during pregnancy can cause miscarriage, stillbirth or severe illness in newborns.
Toksoplasmosis is an infectious disease that is transmitted organism Toxoplasma gondii that can be found in raw meat, unpasteurized / unsterilized milk products and unpasteurized / nesteriliziranog milk, unwashed fruits and vegetables and in feline feces. Infection during pregnancy can lead to serious abnormalities in the unborn child, including blindness and mental retardation. This parasite can be destroyed by curing, cooking, baking and drying. If you have a cat, to clean her toilet and always use rubber gloves and change the sand regularly. If possible, let this obligation does anyone else.
Infection by the bacteria Salmonella spp. in pregnant women can cause miscarriage or premature labor, so avoid undercooked eggs or egg products nekuhanih (eg cakes, homemade mayonnaise), dishes that include raw or half-done meat and fish, and in the kitchen, avoid contact raw meat with other foods.
Campylobacter spp. is a bacteria spread by raw meat, especially poultry, unpasteurized / unsterilized milk, untreated water, pets and the earth. Infection with bacteria that can cause pregnant women to premature birth, miscarriage and death of a child, and can avoid thorough hygiene.
Nausea, vomiting, heartburn ...
Pregnant belly and hormone fluctuations significantly affect the digestion, the sense of smell and taste, and general physical condition of pregnant women. Most pregnant women in early pregnancy nausea and vomiting plague, but it usually stops after the first three months of pregnancy. During this period it is essential to compensate for water and electrolytes lost by vomiting. In later stages of pregnancy and maternity belly growth can occur heartburn, flatulence and constipation. Many pregnant women start to feel the desire for food that did not ate before pregnancy.
A few tips that you can use:
Eat several small meals per day (5 to 6 servings). Start the day with breakfast.
In the case of morning sickness before they get out of bed, eat or drink something small (toast, fruit juice). A slice of lemon can also alleviate nausea. Regularly go to fresh air and ventilate the room in which you reside.
Avoid fatty and spicy foods or foods that you notice you experience problems (eg nausea).
For heartburn and bloated avoid carbonated beverages. Symptoms may be reduced tea fennel or caraway.
When choosing food products have the advantage of whole grains, fruits, vegetables, cereals, yogurt. These foods are rich in dietary fiber and can help with constipation.
Drink plenty of fluids (1.5 to 2 liters per day) and navigate.
Attention to the following:
Take 400 mcg of folic acid in supplement form 4 weeks before a planned pregnancy and the first 12 weeks of pregnancy.
Excessive intake of vitamin A in early pregnancy is associated with fetal malformations. Therefore it is necessary to avoid supplements of vitamin A. Liver and liver products may contain a large amount of this vitamin and are not recommended.
Do not drink alcohol during pregnancy.
Too much caffeine can cause low birth weight baby. Except it has a coffee and chocolate, green and black tea, Coca-Cola and so on.
Avoid drinks containing quinine (Bitter Lemon, Tonic Water). Find out which herbal teas should be avoided during pregnancy.
Regularly wash your hands.
Pay particular attention to washing and / or peeling of fruits and vegetables before eating to avoid contamination with harmful bacteria.
Meat, fish, eggs and good heat treatment before consumption.
Raw meat, eggs and products (cakes) containing raw eggs, avoid to prevent salmonella infection.
Goat milk, goat cheese, raw meat and unwashed raw fruits and vegetables may contain a parasite toksoplasmozu, so it is best to avoid.
Soft cheeses with noble mold (Brie, Camembert, Feta) should also be avoided because of listeria.
Unpasteurized milk and juices, cold meats and cooked foods (or foods to be frozen) leave to stand outside the refrigerator more than 2 hours.
Avoid contact of raw food with cooked food to avoid transmission of infection to cause heat-processed foods.Take care and cleanliness of the kitchen work surfaces and dishes. Do not cut the same knife meat and vegetables. Use separate cutting boards for meat.
Products that have expired, moldy or rotten food must discard. Do not risk.
If you have a cat, take all precautions to prevent toksoplasmozu. Be careful also in contact with other animals.
Stay physically active if you do it. This will help maintain a healthy weight. Pregnant women are recommended walking or swimming. Consult with your doctor before you start or continue exercising.