Friday, March 16, 2012

What is a cesarean section?


Cesarean section in labor the baby through an incision on the uterus and abdomen of the mother. In most cases, a cesarean section is done under general anesthesia, but is more often performed with local, conductive anesthesia, a mother can enjoy with their babies soon after birth.

When you're pregnant, chances are you end a pregnancy by natural childbirth, the vaginal canal. However, there are cases when a cesarean is necessary to protect both mother and baby. Therefore, even though planning a vaginal birth, it is important to find out all you need of cesarean section, to prepare for unexpected situations, if any, is.

When it is necessary to do a caesarean section?
Cesarean section can be adjusted, but also comes unexpectedly. In most cases, doctors opt for a caesarean section because they create problems during childbirth.

Reasons for unplanned C-section are:
- Contractions are slow, very painful, or stop unexpectedly.
- The baby shows signs of distress, such as fast or very slow heartbeats.
- The baby is in danger because of the loosening of placenta or umbilical cord complications.
- The baby is too large to pass through the vaginal canal.
Cesarean section is pre-scheduled when the doctors know what problems may arise.

The reasons for the scheduled C-section are:
- The baby is positioned head down, even just before birth.
- Do you have health problems such as heart problems or other organ systems that may worsen labor.
- Do you have an infection that can be passed on to her baby during vaginal childbirth.
- Wear more than one baby.
- You had a previous cesarean section and have the same problems that caused previous cesarean delivery or the doctor suspects that your scar during vaginal birth could rupture.
In some cases, women who have previously had a cesarean section can deliver vaginally. This delivery method is called vaginal birth after cesarean delivery. The doctor will be able to discuss all the risks and benefits of this mode of delivery.
In recent years, increased rates of caesarean section from one of 20 births per 1 of 4 births. Cesarean section, regardless of how much fear and pain of vaginal delivery that should pregurate, should be performed only for medical reasons.

The risks of cesarean section
Most babies and mothers to feel good after cesarean section. But since this is a serious operation, it carries a much higher risk than vaginal delivery.

Some possible risks of caesarean section are:
- Infection or uterine incision.
- A large loss of blood.
- Blood clots in the mother's lungs and legs.
- Problems caused by anesthesia, such as nausea, vomiting and severe headaches.
- Breathing problems in the baby if the birth was before the probable date of delivery.
- Late complications associated with the opening of the abdomen (adhesions and bowel zapletanje).
After cesarean delivery, if you become pregnant again, there is little chance that the scar opening during labor.Also, in this case you have a small increased risk for problems such as placenta previa.

As the C-section done?
Prior Cesarean section, you will set the infusion into a vein to receive necessary fluids and medications during surgery. After you receive anesthesia, total, epidural anesthesia or spinal anesthesia to numb your body from the abdomen and down. Anesthesia is the world's only used for emergencies.
When the anesthetic starts to work, doctors make a cut, usually in the lower abdomen just above the pubic hair line. Once the incision running from the navel to the pubic region. When you remove the baby, the doctor removed the placenta and closes the incision sutures.

How long is recovery after a cesarean section?
Most women can leave the hospital 3 to 5 days after surgery, but it takes 4 weeks or longer for a woman to fully recover. For comparison, women who gave birth vaginally usually if the baby is all right, go home after one or two days, and their return to normal activities within 1 to 2 weeks.

Before you leave the hospital, nurses will explain how to take care of the baby early and what to expect during recovery and in what circumstances to call a doctor.

Basically, if you had a cesarean section:
- You will have to slow down the activity until the wound heals. Avoid heavier lifting, intense exercise and sitting. Ask friends to help with housework, cooking and shopping.
- You will have pain in the lower abdomen and you will receive medication for pain, probably 1 to 2 weeks.
- Expect vaginal bleeding for several weeks. Use pads, not tampons.
Call the doctor if you notice signs of infection if you have fever or redness or pus in the cut section.

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