Pregnancy can be very uncomfortable, because during the nine months of hormones in the body darmar real women. Pregnant women often troubling headaches, nausea, heartburn, rapid heart rate, changes in hair, skin, teeth, leg swelling, vaginal infections and obesity. Doctors say that with appropriate measures and nutrition can alleviate most problems.
According to Dr. Dusan M. Protic, a gynecologist-obstetrician during pregnancy, the cardiovascular system is under great stress and experiencing many changes.Therefore, frequent shortness of breath and difficult exercise tolerance, and give rise to different heart murmurs.
We present you some of the most common problems in pregnancy, with advice on how to overcome them.
Since migraines are hormonal component, for many women to relieve symptoms due to increased levels of estrogen during pregnancy. Women whose symptoms are the same, or worse, remains scarce number of available treatment options, especially during the first trimester of pregnancy, you are advised to avoid drugs.Advise the method of relaxation, removing stress and physical activity, especially morning and evening walks.
Nausea are common in the first quarter. It should take several small meals, preferably cold. Before getting up to eat a good cookie or cracker, avoid eating strong flavors, especially orange juice, coffee, hot drinks. Usually at the beginning of the fourth month of nausea passes.
Appetite and heartburn
Women with nausea and vomiting often have increased secretion of saliva during which one can lose up to two liters of fluid a day.
- According to some authors, gall bladder disease are more common in pregnancy - Dr Protic said. - Estrogen is an important risk factor for developing gallstones, because it increases the amount of cholesterol in bile. Due to the pressure of the fetus on the digestive system, it is common heartburn. Therefore, you should eat slowly and relaxed, well-chewed food. Avoid spicy and fatty foods, drink liquids between meals, after meals and do not lie down a little practice to two hours after meals.
During pregnancy, hormones act on the muscle tone, a fetus is more pressure digestive system which results in the appearance of prison, and hemorrhoids. It can be prevented by regular exercise - improves muscle tone, intake of foods rich in dietary fiber - fruits, vegetables, cereal products from comprehensive, as well as taking at least eight glasses of fluid a day.
Striae and capillaries
If you have a genetic predisposition, you are more susceptible to stretch marks - says Protic. - The skin, especially the abdomen daily rub in a circular motion massage glove to encourage blood circulation and skin elasticity. In addition, twice a day and rub skin milk and oil for the skin. There are special creams or lotions against stretch marks which can be further fostered. In the enlarged capillaries can help prevent a shower alternating hot and cold water, a shower in the last row must be cold water. If you feel fatigue and heaviness in the legs, lie down and lift them to an elevated position. When sitting as little leg over the foot switch.
Women who are ugoje more than 18 pounds during pregnancy are exposed to twice the risk of carrying big baby, which often involves a difficult birth. Obese mothers are more prone to risk of miscarriage, often suffering from preeclampsia, diabetes, high blood pressure, and a large percentage of pregnancies end in caesarean section.Pregnant women should not be ugoji more than 10 pounds, and proper nutrition is important for maternal and child health.
From the first weeks of pregnancy and breast gain weight and volume. You should wear comfortable bras, breasts take a shower alternating hot and cold water and massage in a massage glove or terry cloth towel, gently rub the body milk or cream. Glands in the nipples secreting nurturing oil, so it needs to be further nurtured.
If a pregnant woman has a desire for ice cream, it was believed that a shortage of calcium in the body - says Protic.
- The above phenomenon of aversion or great desire for some food, nothing to do with the balance of nutrients in the body, but is the result of hormonal changes that affect the senses of smell and taste. During pregnancy, hormones act on the muscle tone, a fetus is more pressure digestive system which results in the appearance of prison, and hemorrhoids. These disorders can be prevented with regular exercise and intake of foods rich in dietary fiber intake of at least eight glasses of fluid daily.
Among the biggest pain in pregnancy are vaginal infections - says Protic. - The three most common vaginal infections are those caused by bacteria, fungi and trichomonas. The most common cause of vaginal irritation albikans the Candida fungus. Doctors estimate that half of pregnant women susceptible to common infections.
- The most common symptoms of bacterial infection have an increased amount of discharge, greenish, or white watery discharge, a strong, unpleasant smell of "rotten fish", reinforced discharge immediately after sexual contact - Dr Protic said. - If infection occurs in the very beginning of pregnancy, or if any of the pre-pregnancy can cause miscarriage or premature birth. Infections are also the most common cause of premature rupture of membranes pregnant women and newborns in the cause of infections - pneumonia, navel, urinary tract infection, sepsis and other diseases of the newborn.
Teeth should be maintained and cared for as usual, but the hormone gum becomes softer and more sensitive, so it can happen that bleed when brushing. Dr Protic said that pregnant women tooth decay, and changes occur rapidly, so it is sometimes necessary to remove the broken tooth. If the pregnancy is normal dentist will in cooperation with a gynecologist to choose an appropriate local anesthetic. However, in pregnancy has been neglected oral hygiene and caries are common in pregnant women and nursing mothers.
Because estrogen during pregnancy the hair becomes thicker, shinier and less fat. Two to four months after giving birth increased hair starts to fall, but the hair just falling out of the pregnancy due to hormones other longer than they otherwise would.
- During pregnancy, your hair should be washed with mild means for hair care or shampoo that you normally use to wash your hair, but diluted with water - says Protic. - You can nourish your hair and natural products, with olive oil. Many doctors believe that hair dyes during pregnancy are harmless, while there are those who argue otherwise, but so far there is no scientific research on it.