Sunday, March 11, 2012

Stages of labor

Delivery takes place in three stages and takes about 12 to 24 hours for the first delivery, and much less for all subsequent births.

The first stage of labor

The first stage is the longest part of labor and can last for at least 20 hours.It begins when the cervix begins to open and ends when the cervix is ​​completely open about 10 cm. When the cervix opens from 0 to 3 cm or 4 cm, then the contractions become stronger as time passes. Moderate contractions occur in rhythmic intervals of 15 to 20 minutes and last from 60 to 90 seconds. The contractions become more regular and less frequent until they reach a space of 5 minutes.This part of the delivery is called the latent phase.
When the cervix opens from 4 to 8 cm (active phase), the contractions become stronger and their spacing is reduced to 3 minutes and lasts 45 seconds. You will probably at this period of labor have increased vaginal bleeding and severe back pain. Seriously this stage because you will need to follow the concentrations of all of each contraction.

Tips on how to easily pregurate active phase of labor:

- Vary the positions of the body. Turn to the side of the back, if you are able to walk.
- Practice breathing with every wave of contraction.
- Concentrate after each contraction to gather strength for the next. Breathe deeply between contractions.
If your water broke, contractions are likely to be stronger. When the cervix opens from 8 to 10 cm (transition phase), contractions occur 2 to 3 minutes and last for 1 minute. You may feel pressure on your rectum, and back pain will increase. Bleeding will be stronger and stronger.
To ease up this period of time, practice breathing. If there is a possibility of someone massaging my back. Let's remember that you each contraction that comes closer to your baby.
During the active phase of a good idea to go to the maternity ward. Upon arrival, you will change into a nightgown, izmeri─çe your blood pressure, weight, temperature of. The doctor will examine you to determine cervical dilation. You attach the device to monitor stomach contraction and the baby's heart rate.
You may attach an infusion to get induction, if need be.

The second stage of labor

The second stage of labor begins when the cervix is ​​fully open (10 cm). This phase extends up to the moment when the baby passes through the vaginal canal and go outside. The second stage of labor can last two hours or even longer.
In this phase, contractions are different, it will appear from 2 to 5 minutes, and will last 60 to 90 seconds. With each contraction you will feel the need to and stretches you. Try to relax after each contraction as much as possible, and stretches when you said that staff needs.

Tips to help you so that is applied:

- Try more tension in the position (lying on your side with a raised foot, the position of the knees and elbows, whatever you can).
- Take a deep breath and exhale before and after contraction.
- Raise the head, shoulders and upper body when contraction occurs when the stretches. Doing this will help in every muscle exertion.
During this process you may get some medication for pain relief, or will do an episiotomy, if necessary, until it stretches. An episiotomy is a procedure that is performed by a small incision between the anus and vagina to increase the vaginal opening. Episiotomy, when it comes, is needed to help the baby to pass through the channel, and to prevent rupture of the vagina strong.
When the baby is born, the midwife will keep the head down to prevent amniotic fluid, mucus and blood that went into the baby's lungs. From the baby's mouth and nose will be izpumpana the liquid. Immediately after arranging the cord will get the baby to the breast.

The third stage of labor

The third stage of labor begins when the baby is born and ends when the placenta separates from the uterine wall and out of the vagina. This phase is usually called a birth after birth and the shortest duration. It can last from several minutes to 20 minutes. You will feel contractions, but they will be less painful. You probably will not be aware of these contractions because of the excitement you had a baby that you lay on your chest. If you had an episiotomy or a small gap, the doctor will sew and before that review to ensure that everything came from the uterus.

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