Monday, March 19, 2012

Kidney Disease in Pregnancy

Kidney disease affecting millions of people around the world. Although it can be cured, it can have serious consequences for you and your baby. If you want to become pregnant or are already pregnant, it is important to know where you are at risk due to this disease, and whether you are at risk at all.

 

What is chronic kidney disease?

Chronic kidney disease occurs when the kidneys do not function properly for 3 months or longer due to kidney damage. The kidneys perform tasks vital to your body to function properly, they eliminate harmful substances from the body, purify and return blood to the body, maintain an adequate level of water and minerals in the body and produce hormones.

There are five stages of the disease, with the last stage of the most serious form, and requires patients to undergo dialysis or kidney transplantation. Kidney disease can be related to a group of kidney diseases such as glomerular disease, polycystic kidney disease and nephritis. All of these diseases damage the small filters in the kidneys called nephrons. Damage may occur suddenly due to an injury or infection, but in most cases gradually accumulates over time.

The causes of kidney disease

The main causes of kidney disease are diabetes and high blood pressure. Diabetes and high blood pressure also attack the nephrons in the kidneys. In addition to many factors, high blood pressure can occur as a result of poor nutrition, sedentarnog lifestyle (which includes most of the time sitting), preterang smoking and drinking.

Kidney damage may occur due to persistent use of painkillers and illegal drugs. If you are at risk of developing kidney disease, your doctor may refer you to a specialist in kidney disease or kidney specialist. Since these health problems can get worse if you are pregnant, it is important to consult with a nephrologist and the obstetrician.

Signs and symptoms of kidney disease

- High blood pressure

- Swelling or numbness of the hands and feet

- Blood in the urine

- Protein in urine

- Loss of appetite

- Nausea

- Pain in the back, abdomen, on the side (in the area where the kidneys)

- Fatigue

- Muscle cramps

- Kidney failure

- Kidney stones


As kidney disease affecting the menstrual cycle?

Kidney disease causes the menses are not regular since mediate the formation of hormones. Due to kidney dysfunction, the body retains pollutants and inhibits ova and menstruation. As a result, conception can be problematic. Treatment of kidney disease before conception leads to a higher probability of conception and ensure a healthy pregnancy.


As kidney disease affect pregnancy?

Women who have a mild form of renal disease (kidney disease), is likely to put forward a successful pregnancy.The effort pregnancy sets the body with serious kidney disease leads to complications during pregnancy. Your body will need to provide additional support for you and your baby.


Zdravstevni There are serious risks for mother and baby to be associated with kidney disease. Due to additional fluid retention, pregnant women will have high blood pressure and higher levels of harmful substances in the body. Thus, one can affect the baby's development, because the mother has high blood pressure, your baby will not receive enough blood through the placenta. If blood pressure is extremely high, the mother is at risk of preeclampsy, which may result in premature labor or bleeding in the liver, brain and kidneys of the mother. It is suggested that for many women to delay pregnancy until kidney disease is under control or until you perform transplants or kidney dialysis.


Risk factors related to kidney disease during pregnancy

Some risk factors related to renal disease during pregnancy are:

- Hypertension (high blood pressure)

- Preeclampsy

- Preterm delivery

- Abortion

- Decreased kidney function

- Increased risk of urinary tract infections

- Renal insufficiency (kidney failure)



What to expect

If you are pregnant and suffering from kidney disease, is crucial to contact specialists for the nephrologist, or kidney disease. Nephrologist will evaluate your situation and explain the potential disease risk to pregnancy. If you are already pregnant, you should visit the specialist every two weeks during the first 32 weeks of pregnancy.

Having kidney failure influences the immune system, the level of potassium and minerals, central nervous system, heart and bones, the doctor will carefully monitor your blood pressure, levels of creatine, urea level in blood levels of protein, cholesterol and urine.

Renal disease and the expectations of the birth of baby

In women who have anemia, high blood pressure and excessive protein in urine, the probability is 60% that will be faced with the death of the baby during pregnancy. The more pregnancies progressed, the more advanced renal disease, and may result preeklapsijom or preterm birth. You might have induced labor, and have in the outcome of prematurely born baby. The baby, born by a mother who suffers from renal disease, are likely to be in an incubator in the intensive care room in the event that there are some health complications.

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