Breast milk should be exclusively fed infant in the first six months in that period to the other infant foods or drinks.
When we say that breast milk should be the sole food during the first six mjeseei life, then you really think so. No other food or beverages are not required at the time of the child until just sucks. A child who does not suck the teats. Even in hot weather children do not need extra fluids. The mother should drink when she is thirsty. The only thing you need to add the child from the first months of life is a vitamin-D.
It is important to know that every mother can breastfeed, a rare and exceptional circumstances when it can not or should not breastfeed.
Milk of every woman is good for her milk dijete.Ženino unique and irreplaceable nature of the product intended for humans. What is so specific that, despite all attempts, and many preparations, there is no true substitute. The first days after childbirth a woman's milk is called. colostrum or "witch's milk". Colostrum is rich in proteins and protective bodies, yellowish in color and greater density. After the colostrum, the first two weeks, transitional milk is secreted. Only in the third or fourth, week starts the secretion of mature milk and complete establishment of lactation.
The transitional milk and mature milk, particularly in relation to colostrum is blijedoplavkaste color, less density. Although ljeđe density and the appearance of pale, mature milk is in line with the composition and energy needs of the child grows. The appearance and density of the transitional and mature milk confuse uninformed mothers who believe their milk is "watery" and therefore not good enough for their children.Transitional milk secretion is relatively sparse and the early stages of lactation, and in that period can not talk about "not enough milk". It is the mother's subjective feeling that a little watery milk is a common reason for giving up breastfeeding.
After birth the child should be placed on the chest in the first hour, then the child should be fed only when it is requested. Mother and child should be in the same room during the entire stay in the hospital after arriving home.
Mother and child should be in the same room during the entire stay in the hospital after arriving home. It stimulates the stay of fathers and older children in the hospital. Within an hour after the baby should be placed on the chest. Studies have shown that for the successful establishment of breastfeeding is extremely important that the first sucking stimulates milk production later. After the baby should be fed when it only requires day and night. In emotional terms that first contact "with skin skin" (skin to skin) is also very important.
It is important to promote positive attitudes about breastfeeding.
It is important to develop a positive attitude towards the individual and community nursing. Personal opinion is formed from an early age. You need to be aware of the negative impact of dolls with mandatory bottle and pacifier for feeding that is often bestow girls.
Recent studies emphasize the importance of a father and child support in the implementation of breastfeeding, and from an early age, and boys should be involved in education about breastfeeding. Breastfeeding should be promoted during training, the media and the media, in health care, especially during pregnancy and when it makes final decisions on how to feed your baby. Much of the problem there was the traditional practice of our maternity ward, however, this factor is less present, since the delivery hospitals become "Hospitals, children's friends." Remains a critical period after arriving home and the woman needs support in this period. Can provide support to the child's father, extended family and the entire community. Maternal employment may not be an obstacle to breastfeeding.
Women should adopt the technique of breastfeeding
Although natural, breastfeeding for the modern woman is not an instinctive process, but breastfeeding should be taught. It is important to teach women breast-feeding technique. The entire family and the wider community should assist in the implementation of breastfeeding mothers. By adopting proper techniques of breastfeeding women will be easier to overcome initial difficulties and will continue with successful breastfeeding with which they started in the hospital generally.
It should strengthen the mother's self-awareness of ability to breastfeed the child, ensuring the good progress of the child. Breastfeeding is often interrupted because of the fear and uncertainty. When we talk about the technique of breastfeeding, it is important to emphasize that breastfeeding must be effective. Effective breastfeeding stimulates the secretion of active substances (oxytocin) that operates on a very small muscles around the mammary cells and thus stimulates milk flow.
The woman herself will choose the location in which to breastfeed. The most important thing is that baby face and shoulders facing the breast, and well, mouth spread, cover the wart and the area around the nipple, where the child's chin touches the breast. Nursing will be ineffective and painful for the mother if the child is not in a good position.
The amount of milk that is produced in the chest, which is equivalent to suckle the child or the child suckle more milk, more will be created.
It is a great fear that breastfeeding mothers do not produce enough milk. It is important to teach them that the child only participates in the creation of milk. When a mother nursing her child in her blood increases the levels of active substance (hormone prolactin) which stimulates milk production. Suckling infant stimulate the nerves around the nipple, which convey the message the central nervous system and it produces prolactin.
As more and more baby sucks, the more the message to the brain, or more hormones that influence the breast uzrqkuje greater milk production. Newborns need to just suck when seeking day and night, often enough and long, and so only promotes the production of milk in the mother's chest. The feeding bottle reduces the amount of stimulus, and thus the incentive to produce milk. If the child has to supplementation, it should give a spoon, not bottle it a different way of sucking the bottle and breast confuses the child.
After the first six months of breastfeeding with complementary feeding is recommended until the child's first birthday, and preferably in the second year of life.
After the first six months of exclusive breastfeeding is introduced non-milk foods - a mixed diet: fruit juice (not recommended to start with fruit juices citričnog such as lemon, orange and so on. Alergogenosti that because of the fruit), purées of fruits and vegetables, meat and other food . A child needs more power, a mature individual features that make eating solid foods. Also there is a gradual separation from the child dvojništva (dyads) with her mother and establishing relationships with other family members and the wider community. However, breastfeeding is still important for the child's diet. p period of getting used to the child's non-milk foods (6 to 12 mo.) the child is usually the first breastfeeds, and then give him mushy / solid food. When you accept mushy foods (after one year), breastfeeding is the end of the meal if you just want to.
Breastfeeding protects baby from common diseases primarily gastrointestinal and respiratory tract.
There are numerous positive effects of breastfeeding on the mother and child. Children fed breast milk are generally healthier, more resilient, have less nutritional disorders, and better intellectual and emotional development than children fed with artificial food (artificial food for the newborn and infant in the first six months are all dairy substitutes that baby food bottle, then all but breastfeeding ). Because of the protective bodies in human milk against various diseases can be said that breastfeeding is "first vaccination" of the child.
In the breastfed baby the first bacteria that inhabit the gut have a protective effect, as opposed to artificial diet in which the residence in the intestine carry out other bacteria that under certain circumstances can cause disease. Artificial feeding does not protect against disease. Some studies suggest that breastfeeding may be an important factor in preventing chronic degenerative diseases such as diabetes, high blood pressure and other diseases that may occur later in life.
During breastfeeding is establish emotional and social ties mother and child.
As a woman's milk in their composition and properties of irreplaceable baby food, so the process of breastfeeding indispensable process. The closeness of a mother and child during breastfeeding continuation realize their direct contact during the pregnancy that was terminated birth. Breastfed children in later childhood have better emotional relationship with the mother of the children were fed an artificial diet.
Breastfeeding is an advantage for the mother, family and the environment
Not only for children but also for the nursing mother has positive advantages. There is less incidence of breast, cervix and ovary, uterus rapidly decreases after birth, the easier it is returned to the weight before delivery, etc..Throughout lactation to feed the family the youngest member in every place to save the family budget. It is not irrelevant to mention the environmental side of breastfeeding because breastfeeding avoid contamination of nature that occurs in the process of replacement of breast milk.
Artificial nutrition should be conducted in accordance with the applicable recommendations of medical and nutritional experts.
We mentioned that we call artificial diet feeding baby any milk or other preparations which did not breast milk.The role of breastfeeding or breast milk, is indispensable in the development of the child, both physically and mentally. Whole community should work to promote breastfeeding and support mothers who breastfeed and resist manufacturers substitute for breast milk, which are often violated "International Code of marketing of milk preparations for infants."
However, if a woman for any reason can not or will not breastfeed your child, you should not further burden the conscience, but she needs help to artificially implement the best possible manner consistent with applicable recommendations of the medical and nutritional experts. It is critical to note that the first year of life should definitely be avoided unprocessed cow's milk in infant nutrition for a variety of adverse effects on child development such as for example the occurrence of anemia. If the infant is not breastfed should be fed formula milk a preparation particularly intended for infants.