Cesarean section is surgery to children born through the abdominal wall of the mother, not a natural vaginal delivery. Cesarean section until the 19th century was a rare occurrence because the mortality rate of mothers giving birth at such a nearly 100%. In the early 20th century, cesarean section is performed in only 0.5% while the Caesarean section now ends at about 20% of births. In some cases, cesarean section is planned in advance and in some situations to perform an emergency Caesarean section without planning.
Cesarean section is usually planned at:
- Multiple pregnancy
- Breech position (baby do not go head to birth canal)
- When the umbilical cord wrapped around baby's neck
- Heart defect in the mother
- Lung Disease
- Severe forms of diabetes in mothers
- Halt the growth of the child
- The diagnosis of placenta previa
- If the baby is too big
- If the mother before pregnancy had a serious operation
- If previous pregnancies ended by caesarean section
Anesthesia during cesarean section may be general or epidural. In the general anesthesia on maternal sleep and are unaware of the birth and do not feel any fear, which in any case a great psychological advantage of this type of anesthesia. Epidural anesthesia is performed so that one's relatives are given an anesthetic, and mothers do not feel pain, but is only aware of and experiencing the birth of their child.
Probably many of delivery by Caesarean section seems simpler and easier option for the woman and baby, but keep in mind that a much larger number of complications at birth by caesarean section in relation to natural childbirth.
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