Saturday, March 31, 2012

Blood group and Rhesus (Rh) factor in pregnancy

It is known that human blood at a particular stage is however salutary remedy and that the transfusion of blood (blood donation) can save the life of man. Also it is known that people differ in terms of blood, and that there are blood group and O (zero), A, B, AB. Man can only receive blood of the same blood type and group O. 

It was found that besides the four blood types, there are also other differences in the blood. The vast majority of people are rhesus-positive, a small number of rhesus-negative blood. If you are rhesus-negative blood transfusion given to man rhesus-positive blood, the body creates the so-called recipient. rhesus protivtijela. If the repeated transfusion of rhesus-positive blood, you have created protivtijela, complications can arise. If the mother is rhesus negative and her husband is rhesus-positive child who wears it can be rhesus positive or rhesus-negative. If the infant rhesus-negative, and the mother, there is no danger.

What happens if the mother is Rhesus-negative and-positive rhesus CHILD?
We said that the blood of mother and offspring, as a rule, do not mix. However, if the blood is rhesus-negative mother penetrate red blood cells rhesus-positive child in her blood is rhesus-create protivtijela. This rhesus protivtijela easily through the placenta and damage the child returned his blood cells that leads to anemia, severe jaundice and death may occur. Today there are opportunities for early detection of this disease, prevent serious damage to the offspring, and treatment of the injured child. Therefore, all pregnant women in prenatal protection determines the cut-factor in the blood.

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